Feeniks is a multidisciplinary programme funded by the Academy of Finland.
The expression ”Winter and Continuation War” [1939–40 and 1941–44], established in the Finnish historical discourse, have erased the term Lapland War [1944–45] from the national memory of World War Two.
Yet, Finnish Lapland experienced a collective material and mental disaster in the autumn of 1944, when retreating German troops destroyed the material culture, buildings and infrastructure of the province virtually in their entirety.
This research project is the first systematic initiative to produce a comprehensive picture of the role that art and cultural activities played in the mental and material reconstruction of Lapland.
Culture is understood here in broad scope, with the research approaching it from the perspectives of a range of different disciplines: cultural history, art history, art education, Sámi research, photography research, literature research, sociology, architecture and museology.
Our main question is: How was Lapland reconstructed both materially and mentally in various spheres of life by and through art and culture?