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Randomized clinical trial of musical distraction with and without headphones for adolescents’ immunization pain

Randomized clinical trial of musical distraction with and without headphones for adolescents’ immunization pain.

Kristjánsdóttir, Ó. & Kristjánsdóttir, G. (2011). Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences,  25, 19-26.

Distraction has shown to be a helpful pain intervention for children; however, few investigations have studied the effectiveness of this method with adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of an easy and practical musical distraction in reducing adolescents’ immunization pain.

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